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The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program defines robbery as the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.


  • Nationwide in 2005, there were an estimated 417,122 robbery offenses.
  • In terms of robbery trends, robbery had the largest percentage increase, 3.9 percent, in the estimated number of offenses when compared with the 2004 estimate. The estimated number of robbery offenses declined 22.1 percent in a comparison with the data from 10 years earlier (1996 and 2005).
  • By location type, most robberies (44.1 percent) were committed on streets or highways.
  • Firearms were used in 42.1 percent of reported robberies.
  • The average dollar value of property stolen per robbery offense was $1,230. By location type, bank robbery had the highest average dollar value taken-$4,169 per offense.

Expanded robbery data

Expanded offense data are the details of the various offenses that the Program collects beyond the count of how many crimes law enforcement agencies report. These details may include the type of weapons used in a crime, type or value of items stolen, and so forth. In addition, expanded data include trends (for example, 2-year comparisons) and rates per 100,000 inhabitants.

Robbery Location, Percent Distribution, 2005

Expanded information regarding robbery is available in the following tables:

Trends (2-year): Tables 12, 13, 14, and 15
Rates (per 100,000 inhabitants): Tables 16, 17, 18, and 19
Weapons: Tables 15, 19, and 21
Location type, average value of items stolen per robbery offense: Table 23
Robbery Table 1, "Robbery, Location, Percent Distribution within Region, 2005"
Robbery Table 2, "Robbery, Location, Percent Distribution within Population Group, 2005"
Robbery Table 3, "Robbery, Types of Weapons Used, Percent Distribution within Region, 2005"

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If you have questions about these data

Contact the Communications Unit of the FBI's Criminal Justice Information Services Division via e-mail at or by telephone at (304) 625-4995.