For Immediate Release
FBI National Press Office
Releases the Publication Hate Crime Statistics, 2000
Crime Statistics, 2000
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) today released the
publication Hate Crime Statistics, 2000, which annually
reports on bias-motivated incidents, offenses, victims,
and known offenders. During 2000, law enforcement reported
8,063 bias-motivated criminal incidents to the FBI's Uniform
Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. As viewed by the national
Program, a hate crime may have multiple offenses, victims,
and offenders within one incident. Thus, the 8,063 incidents
involved a total of 9,430 offenses, 9,924 victims, and 7,530
known (distinguishable) offenders.
continued to be the most often reported hate crime offense
during 2000, accounting for 34.9 percent of all measured
offenses and 53.7 percent of total crimes against persons.
to property was the most frequently reported crime against
property and comprised 29.3 percent of the total offenses
and 85.3 percent of total crimes against property.
of the hate crime victims were murdered as a result of their
killers' prejudice. Ten of these homicides involved racial
bias; 6 were attributed to a bias against an ethnicity or
national origin; 2 more were driven by bias against a sexual
orientation; and 1 resulted from a religious bias.
UCR definitions, a victim may be either a person, a business,
an institution, or society as a whole. Of the 9,430 hate
crime offenses, 7,745 were committed against individuals;
6,130 targeted persons and 1,615 targeted their property.
Businesses, religious organizations, and various other institutions
were the targets of 1,685 of the reported offenses.
term known offender, for UCR purposes, does not imply that
the identity of the perpetrator is known but only that a
distinguishing attribute, race, has been identified. Of
the 7,530 known offenders, 4,847 were white, 1,411 were
black, and the remainder were other races (157) or of unknown
race (729). Multiracial groups (groups of offenders of varying
races) accounted for 386 offenders.
prejudice was the motive in the majority of single-bias
incidents, 53.8 percent; religious bias underlay 18.3 percent;
sexual-orientation bias, 16.1 percent; and ethnicity/national
origin, 11.3 percent. Disability bias was the catalyst in
less than 1 percent of incidents. There were 8 victims of
incidents involving multiple biases in 2000.
majority of hate crime incidents (32.1 percent) occurred
in or on residential properties. Highways, roads, alleys,
or streets were the settings for 17.9 percent of the reported
incidents, and 11.4 percent took place at schools and colleges.
The remaining incidents were distributed among various locations.
in 48 states and the District of Columbia participated in
the Hate Crime Data Collection Program during 2000. Collectively,
the 11,690 reporting agencies represent 236.9 million United
States inhabitants or 84.2 percent of the Nation's population.
Though the reports from these agencies are insufficient
to allow a valid national or regional measure of the volume
and types of crimes motivated by hate, they offer perspectives
on the general nature of hate crime occurrence.
Hate Crime Statistics, 2000, can be found on the FBI's Internet
site at http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ucr.htm
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