FBI History

Hall of Honor
FBI Agents Killed as the Result of an Adversarial Action

Photograph of Raymond J. Caffrey

1902 - 1933

On June 17, 1933, Special Agent Raymond J. Caffrey became one of the victims of the "Kansas City Massacre." SA Caffrey, two local police detectives, and the Special Agent in Charge of the Kansas City Field Office reported to Union Station to meet two other FBI Agents and Police Chief Otto Reed of McAlester, Oklahoma, who were returning escapee Frank Nash to the U.S. Penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas. While entering a car, they were fired upon by a group trying to free Nash. Two Special Agents were wounded while Nash, Chief Reed, the two Kansas City detectives, and SA Caffrey were killed. The killers were identified as Vernon C. Miller, "Pretty Boy" Floyd, and Adam Richetti. Floyd avoided apprehension until October 22, 1934, when he was killed by FBI Agents near East Liverpool, Ohio, while resisting arrest. Later, Richetti was arrested in Ohio, following a gun battle with local officers. During his trial, Richetti was found guilty and was subsequently executed. Vernon C. Miller was found dead on November 29, 1933, near Detroit, Michigan.

SA Caffrey was born in May of 1902 in McCook, Nebraska. After attending Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska, and being admitted to the Nebraska Bar, he entered on duty with the FBI. As a Special Agent with the FBI, then called the Bureau of Investigation, SA Caffrey worked in the Boston, Charlotte, and Kansas City field offices.

Read more about the day's tragic events in the FBI History section: Kansas City Massacre.

Adversarial Action | Performance of Duty | FBI History