Indian Country Crime

Background
Indian Country Unit
Jurisdiction
Safe Trails Task Force
Indian Country Evidence Task Force
American Indian Art Theft
Links
Indian Country Home Page

Background

  • There are 563 federally recognized Indian Tribes in the United States and approximately 297 Indian Reservations. The FBI has federal law enforcement responsibility on more than 200 Indian Reservations. The role of the FBI in Indian Country (IC) is to develop and implement strategies and programs to address identified crime problems in IC for which the FBI has responsibility. The FBI has an additional responsibility to support the efforts of all law enforcement personnel working in IC.
  • The FBI derives its criminal jurisdiction in IC from the IC Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 1152), The Major Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 1153) and the Assimilative Crimes Act (18 U.S.C. 13). Also, by virtue of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) enacted in 1988, the FBI has federal criminal jurisdiction over acts directly related to casino gaming in IC gaming establishments, including those located on reservations under state criminal jurisdiction.
  • Thirty-two FBI Divisions have active IC programs, with fourteen Divisions accounting for the majority of IC investigations in the FBI. The Albuquerque, Minneapolis, Phoenix and Salt Lake City offices account for three-fourths of all Indian Country cases.

  • The FBI’s Office for Victim Assistance has 31 Victim Specialists dedicated to serve Indian Country, representing approximately one-third of the entire FBI Victim Specialist workforce.

Training Facts

The Indian Country and Special Crimes Unit works with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Justice Services (BIA-OJS) and the Indian Police Academy to provide training for federal, state, county, and tribal law enforcement officers.

Over 1,000 officers, support personnel, and community leaders are trained each year in FBI and BIA-OJS sponsored regional training.

The FBI typically offers the following courses to Indian Country Law Enforcement Personnel:

    • 2-week Introduction to Indian Country
    • Forensic Interviewing of children
    • Interviewing
    • Safe Trails Task Force Tactical Course
    • Drug and Gang Investigations
    • Law Enforcement Training for Safety and Survival (LETSS)
    • Critical Incident Response
    • NNALEA (National Native American Law Enforcement Association) Training
    • Cultural Crimes (in conjunction with the Department of the Interior)
    • Other support for local training needs