There are over 560 federally recognized Indian tribes in the United States, on 297 Indian reservations, with more than one million Native Americans residing on or near reservations. The FBI has federal law enforcement responsibility on more than 200 Indian reservations.
Indian Country Violent Crime
- There are approximately 114 special agents addressing 1,947 Indian Country (IC) matters in 19 field offices.
- In FY 2006, the FBI
obtained 934 indictments/informations, 939 arrests, and 848 convictions
in IC cases. As of first quarter FY 2007, the FBI has obtained 119 indictments/informations,
144 arrests, and 157 convictions in IC cases. Seventy-seven percent of
these investigations fall into ICís top three priorities which are homicide, child sexual abuse/child physical abuse, and felony assault (including adult rape).
Safe Trails Task Forces
- FBI currently operates
16 Safe Trails Task Forces (STTF) in IC which include tribal, local, state,
and federal agencies that address violent crime, gangs, and drugs.
- In FY 2006, STTFs
obtained 138 indictments/informations, 209 arrests, and 152 convictions.
As of first quarter FY 2007, the STTFs have obtained 22 indictments/informations,
32 arrests, and 34 convictions in IC cases.
Indian Country Anti-Drug Initiative
- The FBI is working
with tribal law enforcement and allied agencies to establish specific initiatives
aimed at the growing drug problem in IC. The FBI is engaged in an anti-drug
initiative with the Office of National Drug Control Policy to develop an
IC methamphetamine response plan that coordinates law enforcement, treatment,
and education resources.
- The FBI recently
formed a STTF to pro-actively identify and investigate individuals and/or
organizations engaged in drug and violent crimes throughout North American
Indian Reservations in Eastern Washington state.
Bureau of Indian Affairs Training Initiative
- The FBIís Joint IC
Training Initiative with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) provided violent
crime training for more than 6,000 IC law enforcement officers in FY 1996-2006.
Topics include crime scene investigation, critical incident response, forensic
interviewing of children, child abuse investigations, Indian Gaming, officer
street survival, advanced homicide investigation, drug trafficking, and
- In February 2003,
we established the Indian Gaming Working Group (IGWG). This group consists
of seven federal agencies and representatives from FBI subprograms including
financial crimes, public corruption, and organized crime. .
- Since the establishment
of the IGWG, more than 60 Indian Gaming investigations have been initiated
in nine divisions which have focused upon public corruption, money laundering,
and Asian organized criminal activity.
- Since March 2004,
we have hosted 12 conferences and trained more than 900 personnel assigned
to work Indian Gaming matters.
- As a result of the IGWG, an investigation was initiated in New York in which members of an organized crime family allegedly had infiltrated Indian Gaming casinos in North Dakota and Oklahoma. Investigators learned that these members were moving large sums of money through the Indian reservations and offshore gambling operations. From 2000-2004, more than $200 million in illegal bets were placed with $65 million being wagered on horse races. In January 2006, 17 individuals were indicted and arrested, 14 individuals were convicted, and $3.6 million in property was seized and forfeited.